Copepod hatching success in marine ecosystems with high diatom concentrations

first_imgDiatoms dominate spring bloom phytoplankton assemblages in temperate waters and coastal upwelling regions of the global ocean. Copepods usually dominate the zooplankton in these regions and are the prey of many larval fish species. Recent laboratory studies suggest that diatoms may have a deleterious effect on the success of copepod egg hatching(1-4). These findings challenge the classical view of marine food-web energy flow from diatoms to fish by means of copepods(5-7). Egg mortality is an important factor in copepod population dynamics(8), thus, if diatoms have a deleterious in situ effect, paradoxically, high diatom abundance could limit secondary production. Therefore, the current understanding of energy transfer from primary production to fisheries in some of the most productive and economically important marine ecosystems(9) may be seriously flawed(1,10). Here we present in situ estimates of copepod egg hatching success from twelve globally distributed areas, where diatoms dominate the phytoplankton assemblage. We did not observe a negative relationship between copepod egg hatching success and either diatom biomass or dominance in the microplankton in any of these regions. The classical model for diatom-dominated system remains valid.last_img read more

US Navy commissions fifth ship in 50 days

first_img View post tag: US Navy Photo: The crew of the Navy’s newest littoral combat ship, USS Tulsa (LCS 16), brings the ship to life during its commissioning ceremony. Photo: US Navy View post tag: USS Tulsa The US Navy’s 15th littoral combat ship – USS Tulsa (LCS 16) – was commissioned as the Navy’s newest surface combatant in a ceremony in San Francisco on February 16.The Independence-variant LCS is the Navy’s second ship to be named for the city of Tulsa, Oklahoma.The ship has progressed from its keel laying in Mobile, Alabama, to its commissioning in just over three years. Kathy Taylor, ship’s sponsor and former Tulsa mayor, was present for both events.“I have gotten to know the crew of this exceptional USS Tulsa, and I know they will fight when they must,” said Taylor. “I know they will protect this country at all costs, because they know everything they fight for and they protect keeps the promises made to all Americans.”Tulsa will join the fleet at a time of expansion of capability as well as increased demand on the Navy forces.Assistant Secretary of the Navy James Guertz noted Tulsa is the fifth ship the Navy has commissioned in the past 50 days and one of 13 ships slated to be commissioned this year – up from eight a year ago.“Having the right mix of ships with the right number of ships, to include Tulsa, makes us ready to execute prompt and sustained combat operations at sea to fight and win against any adversary,” said Adm. John C. Aquilino, commander of US Pacific Fleet. “Let there be no doubt, that is what Tulsa is ready to do.”After the ceremony, the ship will transit to San Diego to join Littoral Combat Ship Squadron 1 and eight other littoral combat ships currently homeported at Naval Base San Diego.Tulsa is the 15th littoral combat ship and the eighth of the Independence variant.center_img View post tag: LCS Share this articlelast_img read more

Local craft bakery fights Greggs arrival next door

first_imgA LOCAL craft baker says he is fighting to save his livelihood after finding out bakery take-away giant Greggs has bought the shop next door to his.Mr Mejar Singh, who owns WC Masters & Son bakery in Atherstone, North Warwick-shire, found out a month ago that the former hairdresser next door to him was being sold to Greggs. Mr Singh and his wife and parents have run the 100-year-old shop, with bakery attached, for the past 22 years, employing 12 people. He said: “The site was not sold directly to Greggs, it was sold through an agent. The hairdressers had no idea this would happen.”When Mr Singh realised Greggs was planning to buy the site, after hearing rumours locally, he tried to buy it himself. His offer of £305,000 was rejected by the estate agents, who asked for £375,000.He told British Baker: “It is not worth £375,000; shops in the area go for £290,000. I even gave Greggs the opportunity to buy out my own shop, but my offer was rejected.”Mr Singh has since raised a petition in his shop to mea-sure local opposition to Greggs opening next door to him. This has so far gathered 200 signatures. He will also raise the issue in a local council meeting and in the local newspaper.He told British Baker that Atherstone is a village with a population of 12,000. It already has three bakeries – a Three Cooks outlet, a bakery called Gaytons and a farmers’ market shop and bakery called Nightingales. His own bakery sells a 50-line range including bread, cakes, filled baguettes and sandwiches. It serves retail and some wholesale customers. “Greggs knows there is a bakery right next door to the shop it is buying. This town does not need another bakery,” he said.A Greggs spokesman said Greggs prides itself on the contribution it makes to local communities. “There is no way Greggs would target an individual local business,” he said. “We have wanted to open in Atherstone for four years. Trading in close proximity to a potential competitor, whether it is a local baker or indeed any form of take-away operation, does not necessarily have an adverse effect on their trading performance; in certain situations Greggs has enhanced the footfall in the areas in which we trade.”last_img read more

Electron And Tom Hamilton’s American Babies To Play Highline Ballroom This Friday In NYC

first_imgThe Disco Biscuits “side project,” Electron, has become a force to be reckoned with on its own over the years. The Marc Brownstein-led quartet, featuring fellow Biscuit Aron Magner, Joe Russo’s Almost Dead guitarist Tom Hamilton (whose fellow bandmate Joe Russo was the original drummer for the project in its earliest stages), and Lotus drummer Mike Greenfield, puts their own spin on songs penned by the bassist. Electron sets typically feature various covers by bands such as Pink Floyd, Radiohead, and even Hamilton’s former group Brothers Past, among others. This formula is sure to hold true for the group’s upcoming performance this Friday, April 21st at NYC’s Highline Ballroom.What is essentially the definition of a jam supergroup, with a well-established lineup of the scene’s cream of the crop, this outfit creates some of the most insane improvisational and exploratory jams out there. The energy between four musicians, that are clearly the best of friends, leads to some of the most synergistic jamming you will find out there today, never mind the fact that they all happen to be in wildly successful projects of their own.Pulling support for the night, along with double duty, will be Hamilton and his American Babies. Hamilton is undeniably one of the best songwriters in the scene today, with a penchant for crafting intricately woven songs that are both lyrically catchy and sonically appealing. With a talented lineup of Justin Mazer (guitar), Al Smith (drums), Raina Mullen (acoustic guitar/vocals), and Mark Sosnoskie (bass), Tom Hamilton’s American Babies are putting out some beautifully original music. Take a listen to their latest album, 2016’s An Epic Battle Between Light & Dark, and tell us we are wrong.Tickets for the show are currently on-sale, and can be purchased here. For additional information and show updates, check out the Facebook Event page.[photo courtesy of Scott Harris Photography]last_img read more

‘Spectre’: Latest Bond Battles Classic Roots

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Spectres certainly haunted 007’s latest film, which premieres this weekend in the United States.A chilling epigraph, “The Dead Are Alive,” hinted at ghosts from Bond’s past returning to haunt him. But before we got there, the camera followed a skull-masked James Bond (Daniel Craig) through a seamless shot in the festive streets of Mexico City as revelers celebrated Día de Muertos (Day of the Dead).The latest installment of the iconic 24-part series reintroduced SPECTRE–Special Executive for Counter-intelligence, Terrorism, Revenge, and Extortion–a criminal organization last seen in 1971’s Diamonds Are Forever. There’s also MI6’s dull subplot with “C” (Andrew Scott, Sherlock), whose antagonistic intent to technologically modernize British intelligence eventually tied in with the main storyline. Apparently GCHQ isn’t tech-savy enough.Bond’s latest mission was assigned via a recorded message left by his late boss, “M” (Judi Dench), who died in the previous film, Skyfall (2012). There are also villains and family alike who crept out of the darkness of Bond’s past.Since there’s not much else we can learn about Bond (this is the 24th film for Pete’s sake), the villains are often the most interesting characters, as is the case with Franz Oberhauser (Christopher Waltz, Inglorious Basterds, Big Eyes). Comparing himself to a meteorite building momentum, Oberhauser was introduced as a silent, unstable, and ultimately interesting shadow in Bond’s life, but the man behind the terrorist group was disappointingly absent for a large portion of the movie. Oberhauser ended up in the role of the classic evil mastermind, complete with his right-hand white cat, mostly inactive in hunting Bond. For a criminal mastermind, he was a bit of a letdown compared to the disturbing insanity of Skyfall’s Raoul Silva (Javier Bardem) or the testicle-torturing cruelty of Le Chiffre (Mads Mikkelsen).The inevitable showdown between Oberhauser and Bond concluded with two very predictable and unsatisfying climaxes.But it was the spirit of the classic James Bond who truly plagued Spectre’s risqué romance and adrenaline-fueled action.Helicopters flipping violently over Mexico City, flashy sport cars racing through historic Rome, and wingless planes skiing down snowy Austrian Alps, all played to a hair-raising soundtrack and edge-of-your-seat action sequences. Simultaneously, Bond’s famed pulse-pounding action has reached a point where we know exactly what to expect. There’s little to no surprise anymore (sigh). When the music heightened, we’re prepared for a dramatic climax to the fighting. Even Bond, tired of brawling, at one point warned an incapacitated security guard to “stay!” grounded instead of getting his arse kicked again.Ass kicking wasn’t the only booty Bond got, of course. Bond girls, somewhat shamefully, have been iconized based on the size of their breasts and thinness of their waistline. In Spectre, that tradition continued. Weirdly, Bond pressed a grieving widow (whose husband he killed) against a mirror, whispered in her ear, and tingled her arms with the tips of his fingers, and somehow scored a night beneath her bed sheets. Some things will never change.The main love interest was the mistrusting damsel-in-distress Madeleine Swann (Léa Seydoux, Inglorious Basterds, The Grand Budapest Hotel), who kept Bond at arms length for less than 30 minutes until he proved his romantic value by tossing assassin Mr. Hinx (WWE’s Dave Bautista) out of a high-speed train.“What do we do now?” her accented voice purred.The two then burst through a bathroom door, lips locked, and their hands clawing each other’s clothes off. It was ridiculous, but you appreciated the spontaneous sex more when Madeleine whispered, “I love you!” to a wounded Bond 24 hours later, as well as to the eye roll of (hopefully all) viewers. Bond’s mutual feelings felt like it was meant to be more central to the plot, as expressed in the opening credits theme, “Writing On The Wall.” A chilling rhythm and Sam Smith’s beautiful falsetto touched on the absolutism of Bond’s love-or-death relationship with Madeline.But their love never felt absolute. Madeline’s romance was abrupt, disjointed, and unnatural compared to the reality of love and relationships, justified in Spectre only by classic Bond’s embodiment as the ultimate male fantasy. It’s almost as if the hilarity of the scenario was intentional, a wink to classic Bond’s seductive ways, but it’s not even funny. Spectre barely highlighted and explored any personal fragility or vulnerability beneath Bond’s masculine armor.This all came as a disappointing endnote considering Daniel Craig, the sixth 007 in the series–preceded by Sean Connery, George Lazenby, Roger Moore, Timothy Dalton, and Pierce Brosnan–recently discussed the possibility of resigning after ten years and four films of playing the tuxedo-clan gentlemen.“It’s been an amazing ride doing [Spectre] and we’ve had incredible fun and it’s been a lot of hard work,” Craig said in an interview. “But it has taken up all of my life these two years. So, maybe a little of my life back would be nice.”The 24th Bond film’s weakness was its past. Spectre retreated to the comfort of author Ian Fleming’s source material. Director Sam Mendes’ second 007 film sacrificed creatively modernizing and innovating Bond again for predictable action thrills and fantastical romance.(Photo credit: James Bond/Spectre – Facebook)last_img read more

CUDEs help grow pineapples, savings accounts & a community

first_img 13SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr It was a beautiful crisp morning when George Ombado, President of the African Confederation of Co-operatives Savings and Credit Associations (ACCOSCA), Bert Hash, retired President of MECU Baltimore, and I boarded a plane in Nairobi for Kisumu, Kenya.  We were headed to the third largest city in Kenya to visit our Development Education (DE) Friend George Ototo, who was working on a DE project that was supported in part by the Winter 2016 DE class.  George Ototo is an important man to African credit unions.  He is the President of the Kenya Union of Savings and Credit Cooperatives (KUSCCO) and provides guidance to credit unions throughout Kenya and across Africa.  George is a very busy man, yet he chose to attend the 2015 African DE program in Johannesburg, South Africa and the 2016 US DE Program in Dallas, Texas.The DE Training provides participants with valuable lessons designed to help them understand the importance and relevance of credit unions in the lives of each individual member.  The structure of the program leverages the knowledge and skills of each participant, regardless of their years of service, so each can participate can contribute to the success of the whole training.  Each of the six days of DE training builds upon itself.  The culmination of the six day immersion program is the DE project that is completed by Credit Union Development Educators (CUDEs) after they leave DE Training.  This is the story of one such project. continue reading »last_img read more

Binghamton Parks and Rec bringing Memorial Day fun to you

first_imgOn the Binghamton Park and Recreation’s Facebook page, they have created a list of activities you can do from home. It is designed for children but reaches all ages. Some of the activities include arts and crafts and exercises that you can do to stay active. BINGHAMTON (WBNG) – Normally, parks are filled on Memorial Day weekend but this year, Binghamton Parks and Recreation is bringing the fun to your home. “We actually have a lot of people that interact with them. They love to post, or they will comment. We encourage people to comment below what you’ve done,” said parks supervisor Jake Brigham.last_img read more

OIE chief’s downplaying of pandemic risk draws fire

first_imgJan 11, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – Disease experts and preparedness advocates reacted negatively today to comments by the head of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) suggesting that the risk of an influenza pandemic posed by the H5N1 avian flu virus is minimal.In news reports yesterday, Dr. Bernard Vallat, director-general of the Paris-based OIE, was quoted as saying that the H5N1 virus is “extremely stable,” implying that it is unlikely to evolve into a human pandemic strain.In interviews today, experts such as Dr. Kathy Neuzil, MD, chair of the Infectious Diseases Society of America’s (IDSA’s) Pandemic Influenza Task Force, countered that the virus has been known to mutate many times already and that both science and history suggest it still represents a very real threat.Accounts from the Associated Press (AP), Agence France-Presse (AFP), and Reuters offered somewhat different versions of Vallat’s comments, with the AP making him sound the most reassuring—or complacent.According to the AP, Vallat said, “The risk [of a pandemic] was overestimated.” Concern a few years ago about a possibly imminent pandemic represented “just nonscientific supposition,” he said.An AFP account focused on Vallat’s statements about the stability of the H5N1 virus. “We have never seen a virus which has been so stable for so long,” Vallat was quoted as saying. “Compared to other viruses, it is extremely stable, which minimizes the risk of mutation” into a pandemic strain.He also said the virus is endemic in Indonesia, Egypt, and to a lesser extent Nigeria, according to AFP. “If we could eradicate the virus in those countries, the problem of a pandemic from Asian H5N1 would be resolved,” he asserted.But the Reuters report depicted Vallat as more cautious. “We notice that the virus is now extremely stable but there is no base to say that the H5N1 will not mutate,” he said. “Bird flu will always remain a risk, be it H5N1 or another.”Despite the somewhat conflicting accounts, the other experts asserted that Vallat was sending the wrong signal.”The main message that should be out there is that the threat is real,” said Neuzil, senior clinical advisor with the nonprofit organization PATH in Seattle.She and others pointed to the recent history of pandemics.”The 1918 pandemic occurred from a mutation of a bird virus, to the best of our knowledge,” she said. “The 1957 and 1968 pandemics occurred through viral reassortment, sudden events where human and animal viruses combined genes and came out with a new virus. So a pandemic can occur either way. You can have a very stable virus that reassorts with another virus.””H5N1 has a demonstrated ability to mutate and change,” she added. “We’ve seen it change in Vietnam, where in the course of a week or two in patients on [antiviral] therapy it has developed resistance.” Mutations also have been seen in Indonesia, she noted.”If you just stick to the science, science tell us pandemic threats are real, and there’s nothing to say that H5N1 couldn’t cause a pandemic by either of those routes [mutation or reassortment],” she concluded.David Halvorson, DVM, a veterinary pathologist and avian flu expert at the University of Minnesota in St. Paul, said he was hesitant to respond to Vallat’s comments, given the differing accounts of what he said. However, Halvorson allowed, “People have noted that the Asian lineage highly pathogenic H5N1 has been around since 1997 and nothing has happened yet to cause it to spread from human to human. Does that mean it couldn’t happen tomorrow? No.”David Fedson, MD, a retired professor of medicine from the University of Virginia and former researcher with Aventis Pasteur who has spent his career working on vaccination issues, agreed with Neuzil that Vallat’s assessment doesn’t fit with history.”The statement [suggesting the risk of a pandemic is minimal] ignores history,” said Fedson, who also is on the IDSA’s Pandemic Influenza Task Force. “The history is a pandemic coming out of nowhere in 1918 and causing great global disruption. . . . A statement like this, if people pay attention, has the practical effect of telling people they don’t need to worry, they don’t need to be prepared.”Fedson said infectious diseases have caused major die-offs in several mammalian species in recent years, and humans are subject to the same threats. For example, about a third of the lions on Africa’s Serengeti Plain died of distemper virus in the early 1990s, and more than 50% of gorillas and chimpanzees have died of Ebola virus infection in this decade, he said.”Given what we know of the capability of flu viruses in general and this virus in particular, we have to take it seriously and . . . prepare for a pandemic that could cause a very high mortality,” Fedson said. “We have to recognize that we’re as vulnerable as the gorillas and chimps.”Infectious disease expert Michael T. Osterholm, PhD, MPH, a leading pandemic preparedness proponent, recommended viewing the reports of Vallat’s comments with caution because of their differences. Nonetheless, he took strong exception to the idea that the virus is stable and doesn’t represent much of a threat.”Regardless of what Dr. Vallat said, this virus is hardly stable,” said Osterholm, director of the University of Minnesota Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, publisher of CIDRAP News. With multiple clades and subclades of the virus identified, he said, “This virus has demonstrated an unprecedented ability to change through mutation.”He said the virus is stable only in the sense that it seems to have found a permanent home in poultry and wild birds. “There is nothing in the foreseeable future to suggest that this virus is going to die out or somehow disappear through competition or attrition in the bird reservoir,” he added.As for history lessons, Osterholm cited the flu virus subtype H3N8. Originally an avian virus, it jumped in 1960 to horses and circulated in them for decades, he said. About 5 years ago it jumped from horses to dogs, and it continues to circulate in dogs in a number of areas worldwide.”Why did it take nearly 40 years of nearly constant contact between horses and dogs before it finally made the jump to dogs?” Osterholm asked. “No one can answer that question. That should provide a rather sobering context to understanding H5N1. Three or 5 or 7 years of hypertransmission in the bird population doesn’t really tell us anything about whether this could one day become a pandemic strain.”Osterholm concluded, “Unfortunately, some have read this [Vallat’s comments] to mean that the final chapter has been written on our concern about pandemic flu. There’s nothing that could be further from the truth. We’re closer today to the onset of the next pandemic than we were yesterday, but not as close as we’ll be tomorrow.”last_img read more

Back under lockdown: Localized measures

first_imgMiddle East WEST BANK: The Palestinian Authority on Sunday extended a lockdown of the occupied West Bank decided on July 3, also imposing a curfew.ISRAEL: New restrictions came into force on July 7, including the closure of bars and sports centers and a limit on the number of people in public places.Some towns and neighborhoods across the country, considered pandemic hotspots, are living under even stricter restrictions. Oceania AUSTRALIA: Five million people have been obliged to stay at home since Thursday for six weeks in Australia’s second biggest city Melbourne.The state of Victoria, where Melbourne is located, on Wednesday closed all its borders to protect the rest of Australia, which has so far managed to keep the COVID-19 pandemic under control.Topics : Africa MOROCCO: The one million population of the northern Moroccan city of Tangiers has been locked down again since Monday, after the appearance of epidemic hotspots there.MADAGASCAR: Has placed its capital Antananarivo under a fresh lockdown, two months after the restrictions were eased. It will be in place until July 20.SOUTH AFRICA: A curfew from 9:00 pm to 4:00 am came back into effect on Monday. Asia THE PHILIPPINES: The 250,000 inhabitants of Navotas, a district in Manila, will go back into lockdown for two weeks in coming days, an official said on Monday.AZERBAIJAN: Reinstated a strict lockdown from June 22 to August 1.UZBEKISTAN: The central Asian nation imposed a new lockdown on July 10. Restaurants, sports centers, swimming pools and non-food shops are closed until August 1. Americas ARGENTINA: A toughening of lockdown measures in Buenos Aires and its surrounding area has been imposed from July 1 to 17.COLOMBIA: Bogota, the epicenter of the pandemic in Colombia, will from Monday enforce a strict zonal lockdown, affecting 2.5 million people, to restrict movement for the next two weeks. SPAIN: The northeastern region of Catalonia ordered the lockdown of the city of Lerida and surrounding areas Sunday, a week after the zone had been placed under less strict lockdown. However, a local court on Monday suspended the move, which affected more than 200,000 people.PORTUGAL: Lockdown at home has been in place since July 1 for 700,000 inhabitants in the Lisbon region, for a period of at least two weeks.BRITAIN: On June 30 the city of Leicester began a localized two-week lockdown with non-essential shops shutting. Fresh outbreaks of the coronavirus have led to renewed, often more localized, lockdowns, such as those announced in the Moroccan city of Tangiers and in Manila on Monday.Here is an overview:Europe last_img read more

Friday people roundup

first_imgRoyal London Asset Management – Trevor Greetham is to head the new multi-asset division, joining from Fidelity Worldwide Investment. He will report to Piers Hillier, RLAM’s newly appointed CIO. Greetham spent nearly a decade at Fidelity, most recently overseeing a number of its multi-asset activities.Hermes Investment Management – Ian Kennedy has been named COO, joining the board and executive committee. He has more than 20 years’ experience in finance, working at Fortis Private Banking and as COO and CFO at BNP Paribas UK Wealth Management.Temple Bright – Comron Rowe has joined Temple Bright, which has launched a pensions practice. Rowe joins from Foot Anstey and has previously also worked at Simmons & Simmons. He has advised both private sector clients during negotiations with the Pensions Regulator and worked with outsourcing companies implementing the UK’s Fair Deal policy, whereby public sector workers transfer to the private sector. Zurich, Punter Southall, Ashcroft Rowan, RLAM, Hermes, Temple BrightZurich – Laurie Edmans has been named chair of the Zurich UK Life’s new Independent Governance Board (IGC). Edmans has held a number of non-executive roles and is currently chair of trustees at the Trinity Mirror Pension Plan, as well as serving as a council member at the Pensions Policy Institute and formerly being a board member at the National Employment Savings Trust. His role at Zurich will see him chair the new IGC, a board created to act as a quasi-trustee board within contract-based DC funds.Punter Southall – John Gordon, Douglas Primrose, Nick Vine and Will Wolfenden have been promoted to principal. Gordon has more than a decade’s experience in the pensions industry, qualifying as an actuary in 2007, while Primrose has been with Punter Southall since 1997 and primarily advises trustee boards. Vine joined in 2000, qualifying as an actuary in 2007 and advises both DB and DC schemes, while Wolfenden joined in 2001, qualifying as an actuary in 2006.Ashcroft Rowan – The asset management division has appointed Gregor McNie as investment director. Based in London, he will report to asset management head Harry Burnham. McNie joins from Brewin Dolphin and has worked at James Capel Investment Management and HSBC over the course of his nearly 30-year career.last_img read more