Switch Residence / APOLLO Architects & Associates

first_img 2006 Kimura ryozo engineering firm Year:  CopyRestaurant, Houses, Renovation•Japan Switch Residence / APOLLO Architects & Associates ArchDaily ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/494823/switch-residence-apollo-architects-and-associates Clipboard “COPY” Restaurant Save this picture!© Masao Nishikawa+ 16 Share Japan Switch Residence / APOLLO Architects & AssociatesSave this projectSaveSwitch Residence / APOLLO Architects & Associates ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/494823/switch-residence-apollo-architects-and-associates Clipboardcenter_img photographs:  Masao NishikawaPhotographs:  Masao Nishikawa Year:  Area:  123 m² Area:  123 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Photographs Projects Architects: APOLLO Architects & Associates Area Area of this architecture project “COPY” CopyAbout this officeAPOLLO Architects & AssociatesOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsHospitality ArchitectureRestaurants & BarsRestaurantResidential ArchitectureHousesRefurbishmentRenovationHousesHotels and RestaurantsRefurbishmentJapanPublished on April 12, 2014Cite: “Switch Residence / APOLLO Architects & Associates” 12 Apr 2014. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic BrassCompositesMitrexPhotovoltaic Solar Cladding – BIPV CladdingPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodPanel Façade SystemArmchairsUniForArmchair – ParigiLouvers / ShuttersBruagShading Screens – Perforated Facade PanelsAluminium CompositesSculptformAluminium Façade BladesCultural / PatrimonialIsland Exterior FabricatorsSeptember 11th Memorial Museum Envelope SystemWire MeshJakobWebnet in a Gymnasium in GurmelsDoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile Pocket Door | MareaPaintKEIMMineral Paint for Concrete – KEIM Concretal®-WLouversReynaers AluminiumSolar ShadingHandlesFormaniFitting Collection – ARCMore products »Read commentsSave世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Construction: Structural Engineer:Hiroyuki MasudaMechanical Engineer:Zenei ShimadaSite Area:82 sqmArchitect In Charge:Satoshi KurosakiCountry:JapanMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Masao Nishikawa Save this picture!© Masao NishikawaThis is a rebuilding plan for a long-established eel restaurant that has been in business for 85 years in downtown Tokyo. Due to a full-scale road expansion plan, the owner was obliged to reduce the site area. The owner decided to welcome the 100 year anniversary of the restaurant in a renewed shop and planned an RC structured shop with residence. The narrow site has 20m long frontage, but the depth is only 2m to 6m. By utilizing visibility of the large façade, no openings are made on the road side of the ground level.Save this picture!Floor PlanThe exterior walls consist of exposed concrete that is framed with a cedar board shaped frame, which reminds us of black cedar board fence. It expresses the dignity of a long-established shop that ages with the passage of time. The upper floor is flat finished with white plaster to create a contrast with the wooden-patterned concrete surface. A floating sensation from the 4.5m cantilever emphasizes the horizontal volume even more. Another characteristic of this building is the horizontally-stretched, exquisite wooden vertical bars, which block the lived-in feel from being seen. Save this picture!© Masao NishikawaMeasures against sick house syndrome are taken for children with allergies, and the plaster walls and ceiling with solid red cedar boards are used for the residence level. The natural light from the horizontal high window is reflected on the ceiling, and soft light showers the room. A loft space is made in the children’s room to maintain continuity with the living room and dining room spaces. The private rooftop is accessible from the roof balcony on the south side. The first floor shop now has a bright impression and has resulted in an increased number of new customers such as young women and children, in addition to the loyal customers. This building also serves as a new landmark of the land readjustment area.Project gallerySee allShow lessGreen House / Carter Williamson ArchitectsSelected ProjectsInside Johannesburg’s Infamous Ponte City TowerVideos Share 2006last_img read more

New Head of Individual Giving at Action for Blind People

first_img Howard Lake | 5 November 2008 | News AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis New Head of Individual Giving at Action for Blind People Tagged with: Individual giving Management Recruitment / people Sue Hartley has been appointed Head of Individual Giving at visual impairment charity Action for Blind People. She will have overall responsibility for the charity’s cash donors, legacies and committed giving.Coming from the Financial Services sector, she has over ten years of direct marketing experience, working for organisations such as HFC Bank plc and Lloyds TSB Group. She joins Action for Blind People after two years as Head of Customer Management at Santander Cards Limited.www.actionforblindpeople.org.uk  26 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.last_img read more

Cuba, Puerto Rico and Zika

first_imgThe Caribbean countries of Puerto Rico and Cuba, both located near the Zika hot zone, have similar peoples and climates — but a very different relationship to the Zika crisis.Cuba, a sovereign socialist country, has been investing ample money and resources to nearly eliminate Aedes aegypti, the mosquito that carries Zika, dengue and chikungunya. Puerto Rico, as a colony of the United States, has been deprived of its political, economic and legal sovereignty, putting it at the mercy of the U.S. Congress and financial institutions. The island is expected to be hit hard by a surge of Zika over the next few months.Cuba emphasizes public health and has prevented a Zikaoutbreak with an aggressive campaign to monitor feversand clean up places where mosquitoes breed.Photo: GranmaZika arrived in Puerto Rico earlier than expected. As of March 23, there were already 258 locally acquired cases in Puerto Rico, including 35 pregnant women. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Only 20 percent of those who contract Zika show any of its mild, flu-like symptoms, but evidence shows that the virus can target fetal nerve cells, causing infants to be born with microcephaly — unusually small heads and incomplete brain development. Since Zika hit Brazil last year, a total of 863 cases of microcephaly have been confirmed and 4,300 more are suspected. (Livescience, March 22)Zika is also linked to a rise in Guillain- Barré syndrome, a nerve disorder causing muscle weakness, paralysis and even death in adults. There has already been one reported case in Puerto Rico and new cases are predicted to arrive this fall.This health menace comes at the worst possible time. Puerto Rico faces an unpayable $73 billion public debt and a 40 percent unemployment rate. Close to 58 percent of the people live in poverty.Austerity measures forced by the U.S. government have led to the closing of hospitals and health care centers, reduction of services and migration to the U.S. mainland of thousands of medical professionals. Thousands of civic workers needed to fight mosquitoes have been laid off, leading the country to offer early release for those convicted of drug abuse in return for public service to help with the Zika crisis.In addition, the U.S. Congress last year imposed cuts in Puerto Rico’s already meager reimbursements of Medicare and Medicaid.Cuba responded to the Zika crisis with extreme vigilance and measures to combat mosquitoes.Photo: Oriol CruzPuerto Rico’s colonial government has cut essential services in order to pay on the debt, putting the majority of Puerto Rican families in misery. The government has been privatizing or selling public property like the health services, phone company, industries and roads. (Workers World, June 4, 2015)More than 3,000 doctors have left Puerto Rico for the U.S. to work in better conditions. The massive migration of Puerto Ricans to the U.S. South totaled 144,000 in 2014. Many are young college graduates, representing a real brain drain of Puerto Rico’s future.Workers World reported last year on May 28: “There is only one pediatrician for every 900 children on the island. The infant mortality rate is 8.2 per thousand live births. There is a general deterioration of health in the population, including mental health, which presents itself as an increase in depression and suicide.”Mosquitoes reproduce rapidly in standing water, so workers are attempting to seal all septic tanks and clean up dumps, junkyards, abandoned pools and houses, and areas strewn with water-catching litter like old tires. Although 900,000 discarded tires were cleared from residential areas, Thomas Frieden, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), said, “You just can’t remove all the standing water in Puerto Rico.” He added, “Really intense efforts to control mosquitoes have made very little impact.” (New York Times, March 19)Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in Puerto Rico have developed resistance to permethrin, the main insecticide spray used for years in neighborhood areas. And the spray is quickly washed away with the rains. Roberto Barrera at the CDC said, “The growing resistance to permethrin is a blow for public health authorities hoping to limit the damage Zika may wreak in Puerto Rico.” (STAT, March 10) CDC experts are searching for alternative pesticides. Barrera said eliminating the mosquito hasn’t been as successful as in the past when Puerto Rico was battling dengue, carried by the same mosquitos.Nearly 100 women a day become pregnant in Puerto Rico, so the country is focusing on finding and educating them. The government provides mother-and-child nutrition clinics. About 5,000 women have already attended lectures on Zika at the clinics. While health clinics hoped to provide pregnant women with kits including bug repellent, a mosquito net and condoms, which would also prevent possible sexual transmission of Zika, only 30 kits arrived and were gone on the first day.Women are told to hold off getting pregnant until the Zika crisis is over — but preventing pregnancy has challenges. The government has frozen the price of condoms, threatening stores with fines of up to $10,000 if they raise the cost. (It did the same for repellent and window screens.) But Catholic Archbishop Roberto González criticized Puerto Rico’s condom distribution plans, asking people to “practice self-discipline.” (New York Times, March 19)Schools are run down and overcrowded due to lack of funding. Talk of “reconfiguration” of schools is actually another attempt to privatize education. High school girls make up 20 percent of all pregnancies in Puerto Rico, so schools are getting screens and air conditioning to keep the mosquitoes out. But the former secretary of health, Dr. Johnny Rullán, asked, “What are you going to do about doors if you have 50 kids running in and out?” Girls are being given insect repellent and allowed to wear pants to cover their legs.Congress holds back fundsIn February, the Obama administration asked Congress for $1.8 billion to deal with the Zika crisis. While Congress has no trouble allocating hundreds of billions of dollars for war and corporate subsidies, the head of the House Appropriations Committee, Republican Hal Rogers, turned down the request and said the money should come instead from funds set aside to fight Ebola, dengue and chikungunya.These tropical diseases will only worsen and spread north as global temperatures rise. Imperialist countries and transnational corporations are the major contributors to world climate change, much of it from deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels. Washington needs to be held accountable for money to fight the growing Zika crisis.Work being done by the CDC on dengue and tick-borne diseases is being put on hold so CDC staffers can put all their resources towards fighting Zika. Dr. Anthony Fauci, scientific director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, calls the Zika outbreak “a serious situation,” adding, “We can’t sustain it if we don’t have the support that we need.”“There’s a fair amount of pessimism about [controlling Zika] among the people who tried to fight dengue and chikungunya,” said CDC Director Frieden.Cuban socialist health care brings successHow has Cuba been so successful in wiping out the Aedes aegypti mosquito and minimizing the Zika crisis? It wasn’t until March 15 that Cuba confirmed the first case of locally contracted Zika: a 21-year-old woman from Havana who had not traveled out of the country. In 2015, Cuba had 1,641 cases of dengue and no fatalities, one of the lowest rates in the Americas. El Salvador, with a little over half the population of Cuba, suffered nearly 50,000 cases. In Cuba, coordinated efforts by whole communities plus government resources helped curb Aedes aegypti and control dengue disease.In Cuba, there is socialist medicine. Everyone is covered. Cuba emphasizes public health and has prevented a Zika outbreak with an aggressive campaign to monitor fevers and clean up places where mosquitoes breed. Anyone showing flu-like symptoms is tested immediately to decrease the risk of transmission of dengue virus, chikungunya or Zika.“Cuba is famously proactive when it comes to fighting tropical diseases — with years of experience — useful now that the whole world is turning into the tropics,” pointed out The Nation on Feb. 2.As soon as Zika hit South America, Cuba responded with “extreme vigilance and measures to combat mosquitoes; examining anyone with a non-specific fever and strengthening sanitary controls at the country’s entry and exit points.” (Granma, March 10) Over 200 National Revolutionary Police and 9,000 Revolutionary Armed Forces are employed to eradicate Aedes aegypti. Trained public health workers educate the population in preventative measures: cleaning roofs, basements, elevator shafts, rivers and water areas; covering potable water tanks; eliminating standing water and repairing leaks. It provides the population with products to prevent mosquito bites.Nonbiodegradable containers like used tires and plastic bags collect water and are ideal habitats for mosquitoes to lay their eggs. Cuba is renowned for its recycling programs. Trash is creatively used to fix cars and bicycles or make toys; plastic bags are washed, dried and used over and over.The Cuban health ministry MINSAP (Ministerio de Salud Pública) is providing even more frequent and regular checkups in order to prevent possible Zika infection and reduce the risk of microcephaly. It recommends that all women of childbearing age take folic acid, whether they are trying for a baby or not, to improve immune defense.Infants are immunized against 13 diseases, using vaccines made mostly in Cuba. Mother-to-child transmission of HIV-AIDS and syphilis has been eliminated, paving the way for generations to live free from those diseases.After leading Cuba’s great revolution to victory, Fidel Castro said Cuba’s future must be “a future of people of science.” Socialist Cuba was one of the first countries to develop biotechnology companies, years before Europe. Cuba exports biotech and medical products and vaccines to all five continents.Zika has now hit 38 countries. Panama’s first case of microcephaly was reported on March 22, after a Zika crisis there. In Brazil, scientists expect an additional 2,500 cases of microcephaly because of its Zika epidemic.The slogan of the progressive independence movement in Puerto Rico is “Puerto Rico is not for sale.” To stop the spread of Zika and reduce the risk of a whole generation becoming victims of microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome, Puerto Rico needs funds for health care workers, schools and women’s clinics — not having its resources drained by a national “debt” caused by its subordination to U.S. imperialism. Puerto Rico needs a sovereign, socialist system like Cuba.Berta Joubert-Ceci contributed to this article.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Farm Show Begins Today, Bigger Than Ever

first_img Farm Show Begins Today, Bigger Than Ever Facebook Twitter SHARE SHARE Facebook Twitter All seminars begin at 11am and will be hosted by Hoosier Ag Today broadcasters Gary Truitt, Andy Eubank, and Cayla McLeland. Again for 2014, the seminars are sponsored by Sikich, a leading accounting, advisory, technology and managed services firm. Door prizes will also be awarded. Dick ShermanOne of the biggest farm shows in Indiana gets underway Tuesday at the Indiana State Fairgrounds. The Indiana/Illinois Farm Equipment show has packed the West pavilion with the latest in farm equipment and technology. Show manager Dick Sherman said this year they literally ran out of room, “No doubt the equipment is getting bigger as farmers need larger and larger equipment to get the crops in and out of their fields quickly on larger and larger farms. We even changed the show floor layout to fit more equipment in, and we still ran out of space.”   He added that every part of the 170,000 square feet of the building is filled. In addition, many 10×10 booths are featuring some of the latest technology needed on today’s farms. Home Indiana Agriculture News Farm Show Begins Today, Bigger Than Ever Good weather this week is expected to bring good crowds, because buying big equipment is hands on, “At this show you can touch it, crawl under it, sit in it and talk to the dealers selling it.” Sherman said the show offers something the internet can’t — a chance to really evaluate what you are going to buy.  Despite lower commodity prices, exhibitor attendance is up, with over a dozen exhibitors being turned away for lack of space. By Gary Truitt – Dec 15, 2014 Again this year, Hoosier Ag Today is sponsoring free seminars each day. Tuesdays topic is drones and big data. Jim Love, a Boone County farmer and noted authority on the application of drones and robotics in farming operations , will present a program showcasing the latest technology and discussing how to put it to work to increase productivity.   Also on the program will be  Jim Shertzer, with FARMserver, a division of Beck’s Hybrids. He will discuss issues growers need to consider before sharing their farm data and how best to evaluate the many different data analysis services now available in the marketplace.  Todd Janzen, attorney at Plews Shadley Racher and Braun, will be on hand to advise farmers on how to use drones and not get fined by the FAA and to discuss some of the legal and privacy issues surround the use of farm data. Farm Show Begins Today, Bigger Than Ever Previous articleSeed Industry Needs to Educate ConsumersNext articleMore E-15 Would Boost Corn Prices Gary Truittlast_img read more

Indiana Farm Co-ops Working Together

first_img Indiana Farm Co-ops Working TogetherOn the far north side of the Indiana State Fair, there are two homes being built. These are part of the Habitat for Humanity project where Hoosier ag companies and farm groups volunteer their time to help build homes for Indianapolis families. Over the past 6 years, more than 30 agricultural related companies have supported, what has come to be known as the “Ag Build” with volunteers and funding. This year, Indiana’s major farm co-ops came together to join in. “We feel it is part of our mission and our heritage, to give back,” said Scott Logue, CEO of Harvest Land Co-op based in Richmond. In addition, Co-Alliance, Ceres Solutions, North Central Co-op, and Premier Co-op participated in the project.While co-ops are independent businesses, they are working together more and more to serve not only the farmers in their areas, but U.S. agriculture as a whole. Logue stated, “There used to be over 80 local co-ops in the state, now there are about 17, so we work together quite a bit.”  Getting the co-ops involved in the Ag Build came at the direction of the AgriInstitute leadership program. Executive Director Beth Archer led the push to bring these groups together. Land O’Lakes co-op was also involved in the project and hosted a lunch for the co-op  volunteers at the Normandy Barn at the fairgrounds.While the co-op business model is over 100 years old, Logue says farmer-owned co-ops are still relevant and will play a future in American agriculture, “American farmers must be competitive in a world market, and we can help them be competitive.” With companies becoming multinational, local co-ops are the link to the men and women on the land.The two Habitat homes will be completed by the end of the Fair and then moved to their permanent locations in a nearby neighborhood in Indianapolis. The Ag Build at the State Fair is the only program of its kind in the nation. Facebook Twitter Home Indiana Agriculture News Indiana Farm Co-ops Working Together SHARE SHARE Indiana Farm Co-ops Working Together Facebook Twitter By Gary Truitt – Aug 16, 2016 Previous articleTrump Campaign Names 7 Hoosiers as Agricultural AdvisorsNext articleFarm Bureau Links Consumers and Indiana Farm Goods Gary Truittlast_img read more

Cyber dissident Wang Xiaoning freed but many Chinese netizens still in prison

first_img RSF_en Help by sharing this information ChinaAsia – Pacific China’s Cyber ​​Censorship Figures Follow the news on China Reporters Without Borders acknowledges the release today of the cyber dissident Wang Xiaoning.“We are relieved to know that Wang Xiaoning is finally free and we share the joy of his family and friends,” the press freedom organization said. “However, we note that he served his sentence in its entirety and there has been no question of leniency on the part of the Chinese authorities. We urge the latter to allow Wang Xiaoning to lead a normal life and spare him the surveillance and intimidation to which many dissidents are subjected after they leave prison. “We repeat our appeal for the release of the 67 netizens and journalists still in prison in China for their reporting activities. In particular, we would like to draw attention to the case of the dissident Chen Pingfu, whose trial is due to open on 5 September. The charges against him must be dropped and he must be released as soon as possible.“As regards the leadership of Yahoo!, it would be best if they communicated more clearly how they deal with requests from the Chinese authorities for personal data and other possible instances of collaboration with China’s censors which may not have been made public up to now. It is also vital that the company uses its influence in China to obtain the early release of the journalist and cyber dissident Shi Tao.” Wang was arrested in September 2002 and sentenced the following September to 10 years’ imprisonment and two years’ deprivation of his civil rights for “incitement to subversion”. He was accused of distributing pro-democracy articles online and via e-mail between 2000 and 2002.The verdict in his case, published by the website Human Rights in China, refers to several of the articles, one of which was headlined “Never forget that China is still an authoritarian dictatorship.” The document indicates that information provided by the Hong Kong branch of Yahoo! helped establish a link between Wang and a Yahoo! discussion group. It said the moderators of the group, which was hosted by Yahoo!, decided to remove him from the forum.The US company provided information that helped the Chinese authorities to arrest at least four cyber dissidents since 2002, including Wang. Of the four, only the dissident journalist Shi Tao, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment for posting “subversive” articles on the Internet, remains behind bars. Li Zhi, who was freed last year, received an eight-year sentence and Jiang Lijun was released in 2006 after serving a four-year term.The families of Shi Tao and Wang Xiaoning launched a lawsuit against Yahoo! in 2007, which was finally settled, with the US firm agreeing to set up a special fund to provide assistance to Chinese cyber dissidents. It also joined the Global Network Initiative, aimed at preventing online censorship and protecting the Internet privacy of individuals, and adopted a code of conduct designed to improve respect for freedom of expression in operations in countries where there is little respect for human rights.The US Congress held a series of hearings as a result of the Shi Tao case, to which officials from Yahoo!, Google, Microsoft and Cisco Systems were summoned. A bill entitled the Global Online Freedom Act, designed to prevent US companies from cooperating with repressive governments, was presented in the House of Representatives. The blogger Chen Pingfu, whose trial is scheduled to open on 5 September, is also accused of “incitement to subversion”. He has been under house arrest since April on the orders of the public security bureau of Dulan County for criticizing the country’s policies in a number of articles. The municipal court in Lanzhou, which reviewed the case, found out that, between July 2007 and March this year, the netizen wrote more than 30 articles on various political movements in China which were published on the Internet platforms Wangyi, Baidu, Souhu, Shiguang (MTime), Xinlang (Sina), Tianya, etc. The court deemed his comments and ideas subversive, amounting to an attack on the party and government. The cyber dissident was said to have insulted the People’s Republic of China and used defamatory language about the government and the Socialist system. For the time being the blogger, who is in frail health, does not have the financial means to hire a lawyer. An appeal to provide him with a lawyer has been launched via a blog by Chinese Human Right Defenders. News News News Receive email alerts Organisation center_img China: Political commentator sentenced to eight months in prison to go further Democracies need “reciprocity mechanism” to combat propaganda by authoritarian regimes June 2, 2021 Find out more March 12, 2021 Find out more April 27, 2021 Find out more September 2, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Cyber dissident Wang Xiaoning freed but many Chinese netizens still in prison News ChinaAsia – Pacific last_img read more

Great Russian Nutcracker tickets

first_imgLocal News Facebook WhatsApp Pinterest Pinterest WhatsApp Twitter Great Russian Nutcracker.jpg Moscow Ballet brings the Gift of Christmas Tour to Midland with Great Russian Nutcracker performances at 3 p.m. Dec. 8 at the Wagner Noël Performing Arts Center. Tickets go on sale Friday. The Great Russian Nutcracker features award-winning principal ballerinas and dancers from the top ballet academies in Russia and a large corps de ballet. Three groups travel simultaneously to 140-plus cities across the United States and in Canada in November and December. Moscow Ballet also advocates for community engagement in the arts and sends advance dancers to tour cities. These dancers audition local ballet students for children’s roles in the performances. The dancers also audition local musicians to accompany the principal ballerina in a special pre-performance duet and they execute the “New Horizons — A Children’s Program for Life” program which engages school children and youth groups in interactive arts awareness. All are provided free, a news release said. Call E-tix 800-514-3849, or go to www.nutcracker.com to get tickets. Special pricing is available for groups. Call 800-320-1733 or email [email protected]center_img Great Russian Nutcracker tickets TAGS  Twitter By Digital AIM Web Support – February 24, 2021 Facebook Previous article052919_CAF_01Next article061119_ECISD__JF_06 Digital AIM Web Supportlast_img read more

Applying Victimology To Covid-19 Lockdown

first_imgColumnsApplying Victimology To Covid-19 Lockdown Aaksha Sajnani9 May 2020 10:43 PMShare This – xINTRODUCTION The COVID-19, otherwise called the deadly “coronavirus” is changing the society in ways. The World Health Organization declared it as a health crisis or pandemic in February 2020. It has additionally expressed that perhaps the greatest advance that one can take to stop the spread of this malady is “social distancing”. Social distancing refers to avoiding contact with…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginINTRODUCTION The COVID-19, otherwise called the deadly “coronavirus” is changing the society in ways. The World Health Organization declared it as a health crisis or pandemic in February 2020. It has additionally expressed that perhaps the greatest advance that one can take to stop the spread of this malady is “social distancing”. Social distancing refers to avoiding contact with people around you which will aid in preventing the spread of the virus. Nations across the world have abided by this measure by implementing “lockdown” to ensure the health and safety of their citizens. India has been undergoing lockdown since 24th March 2020. The lockdown has restricted the people to step out of their houses unless it is a necessity. All shops and public places except the pharmaceutical, bank, hospital, and provisional stores have been shut down. Nevertheless, it has not only protected the people from the disease but has also protected society from various other threats. India is recovering from all the environmental damage brought about by the general population throughout the years and the crime rate in India has sharply declined. Various states like Delhi, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, etc.[1] have observed a significant downfall in the crime rate during the lockdown period. It has certainly decreased the outdoor crime i.e. the crimes that take place outside a person’s house or within his/her personal space such as theft, sexual harassment at workplace or murder[2]. Be that as it may, there is a fear that the crimes against women and children within the four walls of their own house may increase, such as domestic violence and child abuse. India’s National Commission for Women (NCW) has recorded 587 complaints relating to the offenses against women from 23rd March to 16th April 2020.[3] Moreover, India has observed a crucial hike in white-collar crimes such as bribery and cyber-crime such as hoax calls and sextortion. Therefore, one can either be the patient of coronavirus or be the victim of lockdown. But why? Why has the overall crime rate suddenly fallen but has raised for certain specific crimes? How has the lockdown affected a specific category of victims? We can relate the answers to these questions to the four theories of victimology. WHAT IS VICTIMOLOGY? The term “victim” refers to a person who has suffered harm or injury by the acts of another person. However, the term “victimology” was introduced by a French lawyer, Benjamin Mendelsohn, in 1947. He defined victimology as understanding the crime from the victim’s perspective. The study focuses on the pattern of victimization.[4] It does not deal with the questions regarding the mindset of a criminal; instead, it deals with the questions relating to the mindset of the victims of the crime. It also explains who is likely to be a victim depending on the situation around him/her and what characteristics of a victim attract crime against him. Moreover, it creates a relationship between the victim and the accused which aids in understanding the psychological and sociological effects caused on the victims after the crime occurs against them. This is because the psychology of the victim is directly connected to the behavior of the victim. Some great scholars have categorized the victims into four types. The four theories of victimology: Victim precipitation theoryLifestyle theoryDeviant place theory Routine activity theory THE INTERRELATION OF THE THEORIES OF VICTIMOLOGY WITH COVID-19 LOCKDOWN VICTIM PRECIPITATION THEORY: This theory is laid down on the observation that numerous times, the victims themselves behave in a manner that may draw crime towards them. They incite or provoke the offender either actively or passively. Here, the victims become the primary cause of the offense committed on them. In the case of passive precipitation, a person unconsciously does an act that instigates an offense against them. They don’t do it on purpose or with an intention to provoke someone, but it results in a feeling of revenge or hatred in the mind of the offender. For example, love interests, job status, political activity, success, and job promotion. For instance, a person’s promotion can ignite jealousy in the mind of his co-employ or when a working woman starts earning more than her partner, it can cause envy in his mind which can draw an offense against her or let’s say a man is the leader of a political party, his actions can contribute to provoking the opposite party members to commit a crime against him. In these cases, the victim doesn’t have the slightest idea about the reaction of a person around him/her who can commit a crime against them. Hate crimes are additionally a genuine case of passive precipitation theory. On the other hand, active precipitation refers to an intentional provocation by the victim. It is the act of the victim (who was well aware of the outcome) that pulled in the crime. For instance, an individual enters into an argument with someone else who incites him to commit an offense. Secondly, it is a debated issue that sometimes in case of rape, the woman who is raped has an active contribution to it i.e. they might have a relationship with the accused or their words and actions are misread by the accused. However, it is important to note that mere flirting by women is not a “yes” for sexual intercourse. INTERRELATION WITH THE COVID-19 LOCKDOWN With the execution of lockdown across the country, there are only fewer people who step out of their house at this moment. All the spots where individuals communicate like offices, cafes, bars, pubs have shut down. The possibility of provocation of a person to commit a crime has been decreased. People are maintaining social distancing that leads to a lack of communication between them, thereby leading to no arguments to commit an offense. The constant surveillance and patrolling by police and drone ensure that relatively few individuals are outside in the city. The inspector of Delhi police has expressed that one of the significant reasons for violations is “provocation” but as the individuals presently don’t have the environment to blow up which implies, they can’t get incited. Consequently, the offenses that were caused as a result of provocation have sharply declined, “the reason for the decline is that one of the major reasons for a crime being committed is a sudden provocation which is a rare possibility at this time. “[5] The Crime of all categories diminished substantially from 15th March to 31st March, in comparison to the same period in 2019.  .[6] The records of Delhi police have indicated that the number of rape cases[7] between 22nd March to 12th April has witnessed a decay of 83.4%. It remained at 23 cases in 2020 rather than 139 cases at the same time in the previous year[8]. Moreover, the data has also stated that the number of cases registered on charges of assault or criminal force to woman with intent to outrage her modesty has observed a deflation of 85.8% and stood at 33 cases in 2020 as compared to 233 cases in 2019 during the same period time as of the lockdown. The crime percentage in Kerala also witnesses a decline from the period of 25th March to 31st March in comparison to last year. [9]  Hence, on the application of the victim precipitation theory, the absence of active and passive precipitation has contributed to diminishing the crime percentage. LIFESTYLE THEORY The lifestyle theory refers to the manner wherein an individual’s life can draw in crime towards him/her. In other words, the lifestyle of a person can attract crime. It depends on the people that he is surrounded by and the people with whom he is friends. It is believed that a person’s behavior and habits can be affected by the people he is with. For instance: A person might have a propensity of going out alone after dark or has the propensity of drinking alcohol regularly or is a drug addict. Their lifestyle choices put them at a higher risk of being attacked than the remainder of the individuals in the general public. INTERRELATION WITH THE COVID-19 LOCKDOWN During the initial lockdown, all the liquor stores had been closed down along with the precluded get-togethers within the society. Presently, even though the government has opened the liquor stores, it still isn’t effortlessly available. Consequently, people of this category won’t have the option to drink excessively or meet peers with the same habit, which at last declines the wrongdoings that can be caused against them. Be that as it may, this period of lockdown can be frustrating for them. Their dependence on liquor or drugs can make them vulnerable and desperate. Therefore, in this situation of lockdown, this theory can have an inverse effect. Instead of being a victim himself, he is more prone to be the offender. Unable to fulfill his needs, he may try to harm the people around him, mainly his family, his wife, and his children. This can cause a huge rise in the number of domestic violence cases and child abuse. The anger could change into aggression which might lead to alternative ways of releasing the frustration. The World Health Organization (WHO) has also stated that with the implementation of social distancing, the cases of domestic violence shall increase in the period of lockdown. [10]According to the report of U.N. sexual and reproductive health agency (UNFPA)[11], every three months of the lockdown period can cause 15 million more domestic violence cases globally. This can result in 7 million unplanned pregnancies if the lockdown continues for six months. The rate of child marriages and FGM (Female genital Mutilation) cases shall also rise with the extension in the period of lockdown internationally. [12] Due to the pandemic, the government is more focused on providing the best health facilities to the patients of the coronavirus. Most of the hospitals and clinics are engaged in dealing with the infectants of the virus. This makes it difficult for women to approach the doctors or the hospitals without the dread of getting contaminated by the infection. Additionally, with the decrease in the supply of all the products in the market, contraceptive measures have also declined that may give rise to numerous undesirable pregnancies. However, the medical services to deal with these pregnancies are extremely limited and risky at this point. Moreover, women are also dreading to report their complaints with police since they feel that once their husband will be out of jail, he may torture them again. The National Commission of Women (NCW) has received about 250 complaints of offenses against women within 9 days of lockdown through WhatsApp and emails. It is almost the double of the number of complaints they received before the lockdown.[13] Consequently, the application of lifestyle theory can have an inverse effect. DEVIANT PLACE THEORY According to this theory, certain places are prone to crime. This means that a person has the highest possibility of being subjected to a crime if he is present in a dangerous place. The mere presence of a person in this crime-prone zone could make him a prey to victimization. Here, the victim does not participate or provoke the offender through any means, just that the victim is in a “bad area” wherein crimes are likely to happen. For instance, a person is traveling through a highway, that is prone to robberies. The risk of victimization is extremely high. South-Central Los Angeles has a high crime rate and is occupied with gangs which makes it risky for the people living there and visiting there. INTERRELATION WITH THE COVID-19 LOCKDOWN To prevent the spread of the coronavirus, the government has taken up measures to prevent the accumulation of people in one place; thereby the public transports like metro, bus, and other forms of public transport has been stopped. This has assisted in reducing the crimes that were committed on such platforms. For example, The Delhi metros were extremely prone to theft of the valuables of the person traveling through it. However, since when the metro trains are shut down no theft cases being registered. Also, there are no complaints of sexual harassment of women in the Delhi metro that were registered regularly prior to the lockdown. In Mumbai, an average of about eight people is killed per day on local trains. However, since the time the local passenger trains were halted on 22nd March, a total of eight people have died in the entire April considering some cargo services are still running. [14] Moreover, in India, the roads are excessively busy and also prone to car accidents frequently. However, approximately 288 national highways in India have been deserted in the lockdown. Trucks, Buses, taxis, cars, auto-rickshaws, and two-wheelers have been forbidden from coming onto the roads without sufficient cause. A lot of two-tier towns have even stopped sales of petrol, diesel, and CNG to vehicles that are not necessary. Therefore, not many cars are present on the road and the possibility of road accidents has decreased. According to Mumbai RTO data, 13 people were killed in 94 road accidents in March 2020, concerning 40 deaths in 258 accidents during March last year.[15] Even at the state level, the decline in road accidents was witnessed. As per the calculations, India might see 16,500 fewer road accident-related deaths, which could be the greatest drop in a single year.[16] Further, if we notice, the lockdown has officially been declared at the time when it is the summer vacation at schools and colleges. Consequently, normally during this time of the year, most of the families tend to travel from one place to another and visit new places. Therefore, multiple incidents of theft, road accidents, and kidnappings are frequently registered during this time of the year. However, due to the lockdown, people are not allowed to travel unless necessary. This has reduced the possibility of victimization of people who usually travel at this point. Hence, such crimes aren’t happening. This has actively contributed to the decreasing crime rate. ROUTINE ACTIVITY THEORY Lastly, the routine theory can be classified into 3 types of victimization situations. Suitable target.Absences of guardian of minor/physically and mentally challenged.Motivated offenders. Firstly, a suitable target refers to a situation wherein a person is a suitable target to be the victim of the crime. Out of all the people around him/her, he/she is the most appropriate target to be attacked by the offender. For instance, in a gathering of 50 women, a woman wearing a pure gold necklace makes her a suitable target to commit theft. Stealing from her will benefit the offender the most. Therefore, there’s the highest possibility for that woman to be victimized. Secondly, the absence of a guardian can lead to victimization of children and mentally & physically challenged persons. Lastly, motivated offenders are the people who are willing to commit an offense. For instance, a family living in an urban area has left for a vacation, leaving the house empty. An individual may take advantage of this situation, hence acting as a motivated offender. INTERRELATION WITH THE COVID-19 LOCKDOWN The Surge in Domestic Violence Cases: Sitting at home seems like an easy task but can be frustrating for myriad. Especially in the patriarchal society like India, it is expected that men are supposed to be out of the house to earn a living. However, at present, the lockdown might be hitting their self-esteem and ego since they aren’t able to go to work. Other factors like businesses suffering from huge losses and procurement of alcohol being difficult, make the situation worse. Ultimately, this makes men frustrated and dissatisfied. Who becomes a suitable target in this case for them? Their wife? Their children? Unfortunately, yes. Presently, they are suitable targets for men acting as motivated offenders. Ever since the lockdown has been implemented, women have become a target for domestic violence. With the fear of getting infected with the virus and prevailing restrictions, it is hard for them to go out or lift their hands out for help to the police and their families. The chief of the National Commission of Women (NCW) stated that “Domestic violence cases have multiplied than what it was before the lockdown in the states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, and Punjab”. [17] As per the report of Punjab police, after the implementation of lockdown, crimes against women have observed an increase of 21% that includes 700 cases of domestic violence.[18] A member of the Punjab State Women Commission has stated that “Domestic violence is a lifestyle for some women in Punjab. The wrongdoing is not only restricted to rural patriarchal societies but even in urban areas. Women are being used as tools to vent out anger. Unfortunately, not many reach out to the police”.[19] Amrita, a consultant in an IT firm, registered a complaint of domestic violence in Pitampura against her husband, who is a businessman. She told a counselor, “I agree he is tense as his work is closed, he needs to pay the lease of his office just as the house and the salaries of his employees, however, it doesn’t mean he will take out his frustration on me. Post lockdown, he has begun blowing up on petty things, he manhandles and also slapped me,” [20] Most women are financially dependent on their husbands, making them even more vulnerable and scared to report the crimes happening against them.[21] The ChildLine India Helpline has received more than 92,000 calls asking for protection of children from abuse and violence since the lockdown. To support women who are becoming the victim of domestic violence, India has started more than 50 helplines across India during the ongoing lockdown. The helplines are controlled by police and NGOs working for the privileges of women. The domestic violence national helpline number is 181 while women police helpline numbers are 1291 and 1091. The Surge in The White-Collar Crimes: The spread of COVID-19 has caused instability in the economy and businesses. Implementation of social distancing has hampered the activities of the daily course of business. As most companies were not anticipating this health crisis, several major decisions regarding finance and procurement were left untaken. Offices have shut down and employees are working from home. Companies are facing huge losses due to the disruption of supply chains and are burdened with the payments that have to be made to the suppliers, property owners, and employees. It has resulted in the relaxation of the company’s policies and procedures as they are struggling to find loopholes to cover these losses. This is creating a space to let in all the malfeasance such as bribery and corruption, thereby giving rise to abundant white-collar crimes. In the case of Rare Metabolics Life Science & Anr. v. Matrix Labs[22], The Delhi High Court came across the huge profiteering deal taking place on the COVID-19 antibody test kits (kits that aid in determining the patient of the coronavirus) between three companies. A Chinese company, Wondfo was importing the said kits in India to a company named Rare Metabolics Life for Rs. 245 per kit (including freight charges), the said company then sold the kits to Aark pharmaceuticals at the price of Rs. 420 per kit. And at the end, the Aark pharmaceutical was providing the antibody test kit to the Indian Council of Medical Research (IMCR) at the price of Rs. 600 per kit i.e. at an inflated price of 145%. The ICMR was paying Rs. 30 crores for the kits that cost Rs.11.25 crores to be imported. The Hon’ble bench passed an order to decrease the price of each kit and sell it to ICMR at Rs. 400 per kit. The profit margin for the private investors of Rs.155 each kit is sufficient enough. The order further stated that at this crucial time for the country, safeguarding the health of the people shall be the primary concern. These kits should be available with minimum or no profit. Currently, public interest should take priority over private interests. However, the test kits imported by the Wondfo do not provide accurate results. Therefore, the ICMR has canceled all the orders and refused all the states to use these kits. On 27th April, after the order was released, ICMR tweeted that the accepted prices for these kits are ₹ 740-1150 for RT-PCR kits (used to detect coronavirus in a person, takes 12 to 24 hours) and ₹ 528-795 for the antibody test (used to determine whether a person’s immune system has generated the antibodies to fight the virus, takes 2 hours). However. The upper limit set for the private labs to conduct the test is Rs. 4,500 per test i.e. nearly four times higher than the ICMR price. Hospitals are forcing people to take the test approximately 3 times before discharge. That itself adds up to 13,500 for 3 tests. The arguments by the private sector are that “one cannot sell the soap at a price brought from the factory”, they are running a business and have to bear numerous other expenses such as employee insurance.[23] That being so, companies are using coronavirus as a shield to defend profiteering. Hence, companies are acting as motivated offenders presently, and the suitable target is the public. The Surge in Cyber-Crimes: The rate of cyber-crime is multiplying every day, majorly the incidents of hoax calls, sextortion, and revenge porn. Some caged criminals are attempting to sexually exploit people using the internet and blackmailing them either for sexual pleasure; to force them into a relationship or for money.[24] Social networking and dating sites have increased the probability of such crimes. Numerous internet fraudsters are highly active during this period laying down traps for the public to acquire unauthorized access to their bank accounts. Complaints are being registered regarding hoax calls, wherein people are personating to be from bank or telecommunication companies offering consumers assistance to pay the bills online. They are also selling fake airline tickets for a future date and insurance policies covering for coronavirus treatment at an extraordinarily low cost. The Reserve Bank of India has cautioned people from such calls and not become prey to the digital crooks. Furthermore, “Sextortion” refers to blackmailing an individual for sexual gain. According to the report of the National Commission of Women (NCW), 412 cyber-crime complaints against women have been recorded since the period of lockdown. These complaints include indecent exposure, obscene pictures, blackmail, abuse, etc. Multitudinous cyber experts believe that this is just the tip of an iceberg. Contents are streaming online during the lockdown on social media that aims to specifically harass the women. As most people are working from home, they endeavor to connect through apps like Zoom. Multiple professionals and educational institutions use it to conduct meetings online. However, it is being misused by myriad. Firstly, Zoom infringes on the privacy of a person, as it lacks proper end to end encryption system, Consequently, the information shared between two or more people on zoom is at risk of being accessed by anyone. Secondly, the meetings are being unauthorizedly accessed by these caged criminals to sexually exploiting women. They post sexually explicit comments and distrust the meeting by exposing private parts which are a punishable offense under Section 294B of the Indian Penal Code,1860 and Section 66C and 67 of Information and Technology Act,2000.[25] On 20th April, the NCW informed the Gujarat Police regarding the hijacking of a Zoom call. An unknown person, unauthorized accessed into an online class of Nirma University on Zoom. The person exposed his private parts and started masturbating. When the students asked him his name, he replied “Faizan Bakshi”. However, there is no student or faculty named Faizan Bakshi in the law department. Taking cognizance of the incident, the commissioner asked the police to immediately look into the matter and take strict legal action against it. [26] Yet again, these cyber-criminals are motivated offenders and the world is becoming their suitable target. CONCLUSION (AUTHOR’S PERSPECTIVE) While sitting at home during this period of lockdown, the only expression that comes to my mind is “Jaan hai toh Jahan hai”. The outbreak of coronavirus has created a baffling situation in India. The normal multiplying development of cases is 11 days at present. The government of India has taken all the possible measures to flatten the curve and control the spread of the virus until a vaccine is made to put an end to it. States having the highest number of coronavirus cases are Maharashtra, Gujarat, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan. The execution of lockdown has been a positive measure that has aided in controlling the spread of the disease. Incredibly, the lockdown has not only aided to reduce the spread of the virus but has helped India to heal its various other problems like environmental issues and the increasing crime rate. One can only commit a crime if there are people around him. As said, “where there is a society, there is a crime”. The restrictions implemented during the lockdown has barred everyone to leave their house without a sufficient cause. Be that as it may, crimes against women and children, white-collar crimes, and cyber-crimes have increased. The four theories of victimology help us to comprehend why the crime rate, in general, has declined but the percentage of certain crimes has increased. Women are being the objective victims at this point, whether it is domestic violence or cyber-crime. They have become men’s toys that succor them to release their frustration. But my question is, while women work just as hard as men do, why should they suffer? Furthermore, several companies still aim to profit from this pandemic instead of safeguarding the wellbeing of the nation. If that wasn’t enough, cyber-crimes have further contributed to making an individual’s life at stake, both mentally and physically. On that note, I suppose one can either be a patient to coronavirus or a survivor of lockdown. Views Are Personal Only. [1] Despite the Pandemic, India Sees A Drop in Mortality Under Lockdown, available at https://www.npr.org/sections/coronavirus-live-updates/2020/04/27/845352185/despite-the-pandemic-india-sees-a-drop-in-mortality-under-lockdown. [2] Crime rate plunges amid lockdown but domestic abuse cases may go up, available at https://www.livemint.com/news/india/COVID-19-stay-at-home-reduces-crime-rate-but-fear-of-domestic-violence-rises-11586746861558.html. [3] India witnesses steep rise in crime against women amid lockdown, 587 complaints received: NCW, Available at https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/india-witnesses-steep-rise-in-crime-against-women-amid-lockdown-587-complaints-received-ncw/articleshow/75201412.cms?from=mdr. [4] Introduction to Victimology, available at https://uk.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/83271_Chapter_1.pdf. [5] 83% drop in rape cases in Delhi during lockdown, available at https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/83-drop-in-rape-cases-during-lockdown/article31342419.ece. [6] Ibid. [7] Section 376, Indian Penal Code,1860 [8] Supra 4. [9] Drop in crime rate across Kerala during lockdown, say police, available at https://www.businessinsider.in/india/news/drop-in-crime-rate-across-kerala-during-lockdown-say-police/articleshow/75096781.cms [10] Violence against women, available at https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/violence-against-women. [11] Millions more cases of violence, child marriage, female genital mutilation, unintended pregnancy expected due to the COVID-19 pandemic, available at https://www.unfpa.org/news/millions-more-cases-violence-child-marriage-female-genital-mutilation-unintended-pregnancies. [12]Coronavirus to Have ‘Catastrophic’ Impact on Women with Domestic Abuse up 20% During Lockdown, Says UN Research, available at https://www.news18.com/news/world/coronavirus-pandemic-to-have-catastrophic-impact-on-women-with-domestic-abuse-up-20-during-lockdown-2596689.html [13]Press Trust of India, NCW says domestic violence cases rising since lockdown, 69 complaints received since March 24, available at https://www.deccanherald.com/national/ncw-says-domestic-violence-cases-rising-since-lockdown-69-complaints-received-since-march-24-820382.html [14] Supra 1. [15] Press Trust of India, Coronavirus lockdown: Mumbai reports drop in death toll due to rail, road accident during pandemic, available at https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/coronavirus-lockdown-impact-mumbai-deaths-rail-road-accident-COVID-pandemic-1671569-2020-04-27 [16] Swaraj boggonkar, Has the lockdown improved India’s road accident record? https://www.moneycontrol.com/news/technology/auto/this-week-in-auto-has-the-lockdown-improved-indias-road-accident-record-2-5189451.html [17] Lachmi Debi Roy, Domestic Violence Cases Across India Swell Since Coronavirus Lockdown, available at https://www.outlookindia.com/website/story/india-news-rise-in-domestic-violence-across-all-strata-of-society-in-the-coronavirus-lockdown-period/35024 [18] Aayush Goel, 700 domestic violence cases registered during lockdown in Punjab, available at https://www.theweek.in/news/india/2020/04/23/700-domestic-violence-cases-registered-during-lockdown-in-punjab.html [19] Ibid. [20]Mail today bureau, Domestic violence spikes in lockdown, govt told to step in, available at https://www.indiatoday.in/mail-today/story/domestic-violence-spikes-in-lockdown-govt-told-to-step-in-1671460-2020-04-27 [21] Press Trust of India, Coronavirus: Take suo motu note of rise in child abuse cases during lockdown, lawyers write to CJI, available at https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/coronavirus-take-suo-motu-note-of-rise-in-child-abuse-cases-during-lockdown-lawyers-write-to-cji-1666149-2020-04-12 [22] Rare Metabolics Life Science & Anr v. Matrix Labs dated 24.04.20, O.M.P.(I)(COMM) 93/2020 [23] Scroll.in, Special Report: Why does the coronavirus test cost Rs 4,500 in India, https://scroll.in/article/961002/why-does-the-coronavirus-test-cost-rs-4500-in-india [24] Devrupa Rakshit, Cybercrime Cases Against Women Spike Under Covid19 Lockdown, available at https://theswaddle.com/cybercrime-cases-against-women-spike-under-covid19-lockdown/. [25] Dr. Debarati Halder, Covid-19 lockdown and cyber victimization of women, available at https://internetlegalstudies.com/2020/05/02/covid-19-lock-down-and-cyber-victimization-of-women-by-dr-debarati-halder/. [26] FIR against unknown person who hacked into Zoom online class of Nirma varsity, available at https://indianexpress.com/article/india/fir-against-unknown-person-who-hacked-into-zoom-online-class-of-nirma-varsity-6380457/ Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

THY CROSS I’LL CARRY: The legend of the Jerusalem Donkey

first_img “We all know that a donkey carried Mary to Bethlehem and on the trip to Egypt,” Powell said. “Jesus rode a donkey to Jerusalem on Palm Sunday and the significance of Jesus’ riding a donkey was that he was coming in peace.“The Nubian donkey has a cross on its back because it was said that this breed of donkeys carried Jesus to Jerusalem on Palm Sunday.”Powell said, according to legend, the donkey knew what that Jesus was facing a trial and much suffering. Seeing the tragic event of Jesus’ crucifixion, the donkey wished that he had been able to carry the cross for Jesus and bear his burden. The donkey could not bear the sight of the cross and turned its head away until it was “finished” because of its love for Jesus. Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits Published 2:00 am Saturday, April 4, 2015 The Christian donkey or the Jerusalem Donkey. The cross on the donkey’s back is widely thought to be from the Easter story.Every season had its legends, and Easter is no exception.Although legends are not based on fact, they often become a part of the lore of the season and add special significance to it.The Legend of the Christian donkey or the Jerusalem Donkey has become a part of the story of Easter. Although it is, perhaps, just a story about the donkey that was Jesus’ mount on Palm Sunday, it has a message that is worth hearing at Easter, said Jim Powell, pastor of Tennille and Union Hill United Methodist churches. Book Nook to reopen Troy falls to No. 13 Clemson By Jaine Treadwell Sponsored Content Print Article That’s what the farmer did, Powell said. When he was approached by two men who said Jesus of Nazareth was in need of the donkey, he gladly gave the worthless donkey to them.Jesus led his followers into Jerusalem riding on the back of a small, common donkey.That donkey followed Jesus to Calvary and stood in the shadow of the cross and the shadow of the cross fell on the back on the donkey. These special donkeys have borne the sign on the cross since day.Powell said, no matter which story one believes or even if the stories are not believed, the fact that Jesus rode a donkey into Jerusalem fulfilled a prophecy spoken 500 year before, that the Messiah would ride a donkey into Jerusalem.“The stories, the legends, are reminders to all of us of the donkey’s gift to Jesus,” he said.Powell said another Easter legend that most Southerners know and appreciate is the Legend of the Dogwood.“The story is that, at the time of Jesus’ crucifixion, the dogwood was about the size of an oak tree,” he said. “Because it was a large and strong tree, it was chosen as the timber for the cross. The dogwood tree was sad to be used for such a cruel thing. Jesus realized the tree’s sorrow and commanded that, from that day forward, the branches of the dogwood would twist and the trunk would never grow big enough and strong enough to be used as a cross.”Powell said the blossoms of the dogwood tree are also a reminder of Jesus’ crucifixion. “The flowers of the dogwood form a cross, with two long and two short petals,” he said.“On the edge of each petal you can see brown, rusty nail prints that are stained with red,” Powell said.“In the middle of the flower, there’s a crown of thorns. Each flower on the dogwood tree is a reminder of the suffering of Jesus on the cross.”There are other Easter legends, but Powell said the Jerusalem donkey and the dogwood tree are visible reminders, right here in Pike County, of the price Jesus paid for the sins of the world. Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day Email the author Latest Stories This Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s… Plans underway for historic Pike County celebration Skip “According to the legend, in reward for the loyal and humble love of the donkey for Jesus, the Lord caused the shadow of the cross to fall across the back of the Jerusalem donkey,” Powell said. “Ever since, the Jerusalem donkey has carried a sign of the love of God for all to see.”The cross on the back of each Jerusalem donkey is different. No two are alike. Each donkey is defined by the cross they bear on their back.Another legend tells of a poor farmer near Jerusalem who had a donkey too small to do any work so he planned to kill the donkey.His children begged for the donkey’s life and asked their father to tie the donkey to a tree on the road to Jerusalem and, perhaps, someone would take it. THY CROSS I’LL CARRY: The legend of the Jerusalem Donkey You Might Like THE MAGIC OF MOSES: Dr. Doug Hawkins features his “MoseT” work in museum   Dr. Doug Hawkins will give a gallery talk at the Tennessee Valley Museum of Art Sunday. Hawkins’ Moses Tolliver… read more By Secrets Revealed Around the WebMd: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch)Blood Sugar BlasterIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential HealthGet Fortnite SkinsTCGThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. 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Adams hosts Valentine’s open house

first_imgLatest Stories Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day Plans underway for historic Pike County celebration A couple of Valentine’s Days ago, Charles Adams was participating in an arts festival in the Sunshine State. The sky was dark, a misty rain was falling and a sharp wind was blowing. Adams was cold from his nose to his toes. He longed for Sweet Home, Alabama and the warmth and friendship of earlier Valentine’s Days at his glass studio in Pike County.“For a lot of years, we had celebrated Valentine’s Day at the glass studio,” Adams said. “We’d invite friends and neighbors to stop in for teacakes and coffee. We’d sit around and swap stories, mainly about courtships – how people met, their weddings. We’d laugh and have a good time together. It was a special way to spend Valentine’s Day – looking back.”But Adams started spending the weekend of Valentine’s Day at art shows and might still be doing so except for that cold, windy day in the Sunshine State. Adams Glass Studio features glass art hearts and papyrus angel cards that make treasured Valentines, stained glass kids for moms and dads and angels for that someone who is an angel. For the not-so-romantic, the studio has Auburn, Alabama and Troy University logo glass art, birdhouses and collectibles.“We invite everyone to come to our Valentine’s Day party,” Adams said. “And, don’t be in a rush to leave. Come to stay awhile and visit with us and with friends and neighbors.” The Penny Hoarder Issues “Urgent” Alert: 6 Companies… Adams hosts Valentine’s open house Book Nook to reopen Published 3:00 am Thursday, February 11, 2016 Troy falls to No. 13 Clemson You Might Like Troy Library to join national read-in event The 2016 National African American Read-In is underway this week at the Troy Public Library. The public is invited to… read more “I came home and told Mary that, from then on, I’d be at home with my feet to the fire on Valentine’s Day,” Adams said.But, being the social creature that he is, Adams decided it was time to bring back the Valentine’s Day party at Adams’ Glass Studio.“For a long time the Valentine’s party was a tradition but, we’ve not been having the party long enough this time to call it a tradition, but it is a party and everyone is invited,” Adams said. Adams, his wife, Mary, and their family will host a two-day, Valentine’s Day party this weekend at Adams Glass Studio on Highway 231 south of Troy, from 8 a.m. until 4 p.m. on Saturday and from 1 until 5 p.m. on Sunday.“We’ll have teacakes and coffee and we’ll sit around and talk about courtship, marriage, kids and grandkids and maybe the weather. But, we’ll stay away from politics, Adams said, laughing.At his Valentine’s Day party, Adams always has something going for couples and he has something special planned for this year.“We’ve given a kiln-fired glass heart to the couple that had been married the longest and something special to the ‘just married’ couple,” he said. “Just something to add fun the party.” By The Penny Hoarder Sponsored Content Print Article Skip By Jaine Treadwell Around the WebMd: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch)Blood Sugar BlasterIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential HealthGet Fortnite SkinsTCGThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel Email the authorlast_img read more